When I’m writing code, I’m usually in OSX. When I want to try things out, or check for compatibility between certain versions of Python, it’s handy to have them all accessible… enter Pyenv. Pyenv is based on Rbenv, which for you non-Rubyists is a tools that allows you to set up Ruby environments that are scoped either globally, per-shell or per-folder!
If you aren’t using Homebrew already, which I highly recommend you should, then install it.
ruby -e "$(curl -fsSL https://raw.github.com/mxcl/homebrew/go/install)"
Before you start brewing you should run “brew doctor”. This will check that everything is ok with your installation.
Hopefully you will get a message “Your system is ready to brew”, otherwise doctor brew will oftentimes tell you what to do.
brew install python brew install pyenv
The above commands will, install homebrew’s Python 2.7 (to replace the system pyhton) and install pyenv. Replacing the system Pyhton fixes issues with needing “sudo” for easy_install and others documented here
Now Pyenv is installed, you should edit your “\~/.bash_profile” and add the following:
export PYENV_ROOT=/usr/local/opt/pyenv eval "$(pyenv init -)"
This changes the Pyenv root path and makes sure pyenv is initialized.
The above command will make your profile changes take effect.
Now to actually use pyenv to install a new Python version
pyenv install 3.3.2 pyenv rehash
To set the default Python version for a folder:
cd ~/dev/my_python33_app pyenv local 3.3.2
Now when you invoke a Python shell from that folder, you will get a version 3.3.2! But if you invoke a shell from anywhere else, you will get the Homebrew Python 2.7.5. Good times!
If you found this guide useful, ping me a thanks on the twitterz [@dave_tucker] or leave a comment below.